Archives » War Graves

Lyness Royal Naval Cemetery, Hoy, Orkney (i)

Panorama from road:-

Lyness Royal Naval Cemetery, Hoy, Orkney

Entrance and Cross of Sacrifice from road:-

Lyness Royal Naval Cemetery, Hoy, Orkney

Graves (WW2):-

Graves at Lyness Royal Naval Cemetery, Hoy, Orkney

More WW2 graves:-

Graves at Lyness Royal Naval Cemetery, Hoy, Orkney

Johannes Thill. Despite the fact more German sailors and one soldier are buried elsewhere in the cemetery this grave stands in splendid isolation well away from all the others. It can be seen in the background to my photo of the HMS Vanguard Memorial (previous post):-

Johannes Thill, Lyness Royal Naval Cemetery, Hoy

A German Soldier. The other Germans in the cemetery were all sailors:-

A German Soldier, Lyness Royal Naval Cemetery, Hoy

A Norwegian Seaman (Norsk Sjømann) called Ivar Jacobsen, 1941:-

A Norwegian Sailor (Norsk Sjømann)

Abernethy War Graves

Despite the absence of a “Commonwealth War Graves here” sign on the gateposts we found three war graves in Abernethy churchyard.

Private J Gray, RASC, 18/11/1917, aged 33:-

Abernethy War Grave 1

Private P Scott, Royal Scots Greys, 20/2/1919, aged 28:-

Abernethy War Grave 2

Private H Rutherford, Cameron Highlanders, 10/12/1918:-

AbernethyWar Grave 3

In addition several headstones commemorated war dead.

Alexander Stephen, 16/8/1018, aged 48:-

Abernethy Graveyard, War Inscription 1

William Edmiston, 23/5/1915, aged 19:-

Abernethy Graveyard War Inscription 2

Private John Greenhill, 28/10/1914, aged 20:-

Abernethy Graveyard War Inscription 3

John Saunders, died from wounds at Boulogne, 26/5/1915, aged 35:-

Abernethy War Inscription 4

Sergt Alexander Mitchell, RAF, died in Cambridge Hospital, 13/10/1918, aged 31:-

Abernethy War Inscription 5

Kenneth James, CMF, 22/3/1944. aged 26:-

Abernethy War Inscription 6

Railway Wood, Ypres

In Railway Wood itself, near the Royal Engineers Memorial, there were several large craters.

Shell Crater , Railway Wood, Ypres

Shell Crater, Railway Wood, Ypres

Shell Crater near Ypres

Shell Crater near Ypres

It was quite spooky walking round the shell shattered ground, the peacefulness contrasting with what it must have been like for the soldiers of both sides, some of whom must lie underneath all this.

Pinned to a tree we found this memorial note for Private John William Ogley:-

Memorial Note for Private John William  Ogley

Royal Engineers Memorial, Railway Wood, Ypres

From the Menin Road we could see just on the ridge of a hill a Commonwealth War Graves Cross of Sacrifice. A signpost pointed up a very minor road to RE Memorial Railway Wood. We had to make the last bit on foot – past several Remembrance Trees. The line had shifted up a bit from the Menin Road by 1915.

It was now such a peaceful setting with cows grazing hard by the memorial:-

Royal Engineers Grave, Railway Wood, Ypres

Royal Engineers Memorial, Railway Wood, Ypres:-

Royal Engineers Grave, Railway Wood, Ypres, From Access Road

Unless there are at least forty graves a Commonwealth War Cemetery will not have a Cross of Sacrifice. This memorial commemorates only twelve men but the graves are not individually marked, hence the cross.

Royal Engineers Memorial, Railway Wood, Ypres, from Entrance:-

Royal Engineers Grave, Railway Wood, Ypres, From Entrance

Royal Engineers Memorial, Railway Wood, Inscription 1, 177th Tunnelling Company, Royal Engineers:-

Royal Engineers Grave, Railway Wood, Inscription 1

Royal Engineers Memorial, Railway Wood, Inscription 2, six names:-

Royal Engineers Grave, Railway Wood, Inscription 2

Royal Engineers Memorial, Railway Wood, Inscription 3, a further six names:-

Royal Engineers Grave, Railway Wood, Inscription 3

View Towards Ypres from Royal Engineers Memorial, Railway Wood:-

Royal Engineers Memorial, Railway Wood, View Towards Ypres

Crater, Railway Wood, Ypres, Royal Engineers Memorial in background:-

Crater, Railway Wood, Ypres

War Graves, Markinch Cemetery

Markinch is the small town nearest to where we now live, though parts of Glenrothes are closer.

Its cemetery is on the eastern approaches to the town over the railway line from the station. It has a Commonwealth War Graves sign on its gates.

I found six graves.

L Sjt R S Turner, Royal Artillery, 30/10/1944:-

Markinch War Grave 1

Sergeant R Duff, Air Gunner, RAF, 31/10/1944, aged 23:-

Markinch War Grave 2

Sapper P Reekie, Royal Engineers, 10/4/1944, aged 21:-

Markinch War Grave 3

Sergeant Pilot T C Murray, 21/7/1942, aged 19:-

Markinch War Grave 4

Private J H Drummond, Seaforth Highlanders, 10/1/1918, aged 18:-

Markinch War Grave 5

This one is unusual, given the date of death and the age of the deceased.
Sergeant David Kirk, Intelligence Corps, 16/12/2000, aged 51:-

Markinch War? Grave 6

Cardross Old Parish Church

The church lies just off the main A 814 road through the village.

View from the road:-

Cardross Church Ruin

View from the churchyard:-

Church Ruin in Cardross

I was drawn to the churchyard as there was a Commonwealth War Graves sign on the gates. I found three graves.

Gunner G W Graham, RA, 6/5/1941, aged 32:-

War Grave, Cardross

Sergeant Pilot A G Dunbar, RAF, 23/9/1940, aged 23:-

Cardross War Grave 2

Gunner W McManus, RA, 27/9/1941, aged 19:-

Cardross War Grave 3

Commonwealth War Graves, Roslin

There is a cemetery in Roslin, just below Rosslyn Chapel. On its gates I noticed the Commonwealth War Graves sign. Inside I found five graves and two commemorations on other gravestones.

Gunner J Penman, Royal Artillery, 17/10/1941, aged 31:-

Roslin War Grave 1

Private W Baillie, Royal Army Medical Corps, 18/12/1915:-

Roslin War Grave 2

Stoker J N Mackenzie, HMS Raymond, 13/3/1945, aged 34:-

Roslin War Grave 3

Sapper A C Brown, Royal Engineers, 4/1/1919, aged 31:-

Roslin War Grave 4

Serjeant W Barclay, Gordon Highlanders, 27/11/1919, aged 37:-

Roslin War Grave 5

Private John James Noble, RSF, died 24/2/1919, buried in Cologne:-

Roslin Cemetery, War Inscription 2

Brunton Smith, killed in France, 24/3/1918, aged 35:-

Roslin Cemetery, War Gravestone 1

War Graves, Ceres

In Ceres churchyard I found several Commonwealth War Graves and one for the Polish forces.

Private Mary Lindsay, Auxiliary Territorial Service, 20/8/1945, age 21:-

War Grave, Ceres Cemetery

Sister Mary Lister (Peddie) Waddell, Princess Mary’s RAF Nursing Service, 5/8/1947, age 30:-

Ceres War Grave

Corporal W Buchan, RAF, 7/9/1940, age 19:-

War Grave, Ceres

A family grave which commemorates William Husband, killed in action in France, 23/3/1918, age 20, and David Husband, who died as a result of war service, in Crail, on 2/4/1929, age 38:-

Ceres Cemetery War Grave

The Polish War Grave. Corporal Jan Niemiec, 1st Polish Rifle Brigade, 28/11/1940:-

Polish War Grave, Ceres

Langemark German Military Cemetery (ii)

In the first battle of Ypres more than 3,000 not well trained volunteers were thrown into the German attacks and did not leave again so their final resting place is in Langemark. The cemetery is sometimes called the Studentenfriedhof (Student Cemetery) as there was a large number of (school) students among them. A board fills one wall of the entrance building with their names.

Deutsche Studentenschaft Names

Unlike the upright Commonwealth War Graves markers the German ones are rectangular slabs laid flat on the ground. I have seen German war graves before, at Bayeux and Beauvais, so was prepared for that, but those were for World War 2 dead and the feelings engendered by them were more conflicted.

There was something sombre about the arrays in Langemark. The grass was being regenerated after poor weather so at our time of visiting we there was no access to individual graves but from the fence it was possible to take photographs. Langemark War Cemetery, Graves:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Graves

The German practice was to bury 8 men together. These two grave markers name 16 each though. Langemark War Cemetery, Named Graves:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Named Grave

Langemark War Cemetery, Grave

Vier Unbekante Deutsche Soldaten (Four Unknown German Soldiers):-

Langemark War Cemetery Grave

Emil Krieger’s Mourning Soldiers Statue from the Kameraden Grab:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Mourning Soldiers

Vier Unbekante Deutsche Soldaten and Nikolaus Jackel musketier, Zehn Unbekante Deutsche Soldaten (Five unknown soldiers, one named rifleman, ten unknown soldiers):-

Langemark War Cemetery, Communal Grave

Langemark War Cemetery, Stone Wreath. The inscription (from Isaiah 43:1) reads “Ich habe dich bei deinem namen gerufen, du bisst mein.” “I have called your name, you are mine.” :-

Langemark War Cemetery, Stone Wreath

Like the cemetery in Beauvais which had few visitors from Germany – few visitors at all (and which I felt bad about not signing the book as I had come across that one by accident and had no pen with me) – not many Germans seem to visit Langemark. (Bayeux was a mainly British/Commonwealth Cemetery with German graves set to one side of it.) I did sign the book at Langemark. However all the tributes surrounding the stone wreath in the picture above seemed to have been laid by British school visitors.

Langemark War Cemetery, Basalt Crosses, Graves:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Basalt Crosses, Graves

A series of blocks with German words on them snakes through the northern part of the cemetery. These, I think, commemorate the companies of students who were killed here during the first Battle of Ypres. This block says “Rothenburger Verband Schwarzer Schlagender Verbindungen.

Langemark War Cemetery, Inscribed Block

Another, closer, view of Emil Krieger’s statue:-

Mourning Soldiers, Langemark War Cemetery

Langemark German Military Cemetery (i)

Just outside the town of Langemark (formerly Langemarck) in the municipality of Langemark-Poelkapelle, West Flanders, Belgium, lies a German War Cemetery which contains the bodies of more than 44,000 soldiers including the German air ace Werner Voss and two British soldiers who died in 1918. Many of the smaller German war cemeteries in this part of Belgium were consolidated into larger ones such as Langemark in the 1950s.

Langemarck village (as it was then) was the site of the first German gas attack in April 1915.

Stone by Langemark War Cemetery entrance. The five crosses design is the motif of the Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge, the German war graves commission:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Stone by Entrance

Langemark War Cemetery Entrance:-

Langemark War Cemetery Entrance

Volksbund plaque inside entrance building:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Volksbund Plaque

This basalt cross is at the cemetery’s corner by the path from the car park to the entrance. Blockhouses can be seen in the cemetery’s interior:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Basalt Cross

Blockhouses and graves from cemetery exterior:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Surround, Blockhouses and Graves

On a series of basalt blocks in the area just behind the cemetery’s entrance are engraved the names of those known soldiers who are buried in the mass grave here, known as the Comrade’s Grave (Kameraden Grab.) The plaque on this first one commemorates British Privates A Carlisle, Loyal North Lancs Regiment and L H Lockley, Seaforth Highlanders:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Basalt Block

Names of some of the known soldiers in the Kameraden Grab. There are 68 bronze panels of these names:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Basalt Block

Langemark War Cemetery, Statues. When we visited this grouping was set behind the entrance building though previously it had been moved from there to the cemetery’s rear boundary. It was designed by Emil Krieger who gained his inspiration from a photograph of mourning German soldiers taken in 1918:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Statues

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