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Inside Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle

The main attraction at the Bowes Museum in Barnard Castle is a silver swan automaton. The model in itself is a beautiful object:-

Swan Automaton, Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle

Bowes Museum Swan

Swan Articulated Model, Bowes Museum

Replacement parts:-

Parts of Automaton Swan, Bowes Museum

Unfortunately when we were there the swan wasn’t in operation. I think it needed maintenance work.

Hoewvere there was an explanatory video of its operation and movement. (The video is also available on YouTube. See below.) The articulation is amazing, the glass rods representinng water in motion are particularly effective. The swan “catches” and “eats” a fish at about 4.50 in the video. Real swans are of course vegetarian:-

I liked this piece of stained glass too:-

Stained Glass, Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle,

Stained Glass Info Board, Bowes Museum

Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle

Bowes Museum is housed in an imposing building in Barnard Castle, County Durham:-

Bowes museum, Barnard Castle,

Bowes Museum and formal garden. Barnard Castle’s War Memorial is in the distance to the right here:-

Bowes Museum + Garden

Model of Bowes Museum inside museum:-

Model of Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle

Topiary in formal garden. Barnard Castle War Memorial in background:-

Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, Topiary in Formal Garden

Topiary from museum’s upper floor. Barnard Castle War Memorial to back left:-

Topiary, Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle

Barnard Castle War Memorial

This is an obelisk on a square based stepped plinth and lies in the grounds of the Bowes Museum.

There is a wood carving/sculpture to its left in this view:-

Barnard Castle War Memorial

Facing view:-

War Memorial, Barnard Castle

Great War Dedication, “Pro Patria 1914 – 1919. In grateful remembrance of the men of Barnard Castle of all ranks who fell in the Great War. For God and King and Right they gave their all,” and names F Allison – P Finn:-

War Memorial, Barnard Castle Great War Dedication

Second World War Dedication, “In memory of those who fell in the Second World War 1939- 1945,” names for World War 2, and, “They died that we might live.”

Second World War Dedication, War Memorial, Barnard Castle

Great War names, W Fleet – T B Kipling:-

Great War Names Barnard Castle War Memorial

Great War names E Lee – C H Smith:-

War Memorial, Barnard Castle, Great War Names

Great War names, J T Smith – R E Young. Bowes Museum in background:-

Barnard Castle War Memorial Great War Names

Housesteads Fort Again

The North Gate was the only part of Housesteads Fort that opened to the north. From this angle Hadrian’s Wall itself snakes off mid right towards upper centre.

North Gate, Housesteads Fort, Hadrian's Wall

North Gate information:-

Housesteads Fort, North Gate Information Board

The fort’s northwest corner:-

Housesteads Fort, Northwest Corner

Internal ruins:-

Ruins, Housesteads Fort

Housesteads Fort Ruins

Fort’s southwest corner. The Fort’s museum building is in the background:-

Housesteads Fort, Southwest Corner + Museum

Southeast corner:-

Southeast Corner, Housesteads Fort

West wall of the fort and the museum building:-

Housesteads Fort, West Wall + Museum

Memorials at Bletchley Park

The codebreakers at Bletchley Park were indebted to the Polish secret service for helping break the Enigma code and for smuggling an Enigma machine to them just as war broke out.

At the entrance to the courtyard of houses seen in yesterday’s post lies a memorial to three of these Polish contributors. In Polish and English it commemorates, “the work of Marian Rejewski, Jerzy Różycki and Henryk Zygalski, mathematicians of the Polish intelligence service, in first breaking the Enigma code. Their work greatly assisted the Bletchley Park code breakers and contributed to the Allied victory in World War II.”

Polish Memorial, Bletchley Park

Bletchley Park, Polish Memorial

Nearer the main museum building is this memorial to those who worked at Bletchley Park. The letters read, “WE ALSO SERVED.”

Memorial, Bletchley Park

Reverse of memorial:-

Bletchley Park Memorial

Pigeon War Heroes

World War 2 wasn’t all technology driven.

One of the exhibits at Bletchley Park featured the contribution pigeons made to message carrying.

The pigeons were parachuted into occupied Europe using contraptions like this:-

Pigeon Parachute, Bletchley Park

Information board:-

Pigeon Information Board, Bletchley Park

Memorial to a pigeon winner of a gallantry medal. They also served:-

Pigeon Post Poster, Bletchley Park

Acccomodation at Bletchley Park

There were few facilities at Bletchley Park other than the working spaces. They did have a tennis court and there was the possibility of picnics etc on the lawns.

To simulate this outdoor loudspeakers at the modern museum play voices as if there’s a tennis match or picnic going on.

Some of the workers lived (just slept probably) off-site but there was some accomodation for others.

These buildings enclosing a courtyard were beyond the tennis court:-

Bletchley Park Cottages

Side of building to left above:-

Cottages, Bletchley Park

There was a lovely stained glass window in the side wall here:-

Bletchley Park Cottages window

Other side of courtyard:-

Bletchley Park Cottages

In courtyard to right of arch in photo above:-

Bletchley Park Cottages,

Arch into courtyard:-

Bletchley Park Cottages

Vehicles at Bletchley Park

A couple of the exhibits at Bletchley Park related to the film Enigma. (I see from that link that the model submarine used in the film was also donated to Bletchley Park. This may be the model which is near the car park and can be seen in the third photo in this post.)

Austin 18 Ambulance:-

Austin Ambulance Information Board, Bletchley Park

Austin Ambulance, Bletchley Park

Sunbeam Talbot (note “blackout” headlights):-

Sunbeam Talbot Information Board, Bletchley Park

Sunbeam Talbot, Bletchley Park

As I recall this Packard saloon car was used by Bletchley operatives if they had to travel about the country. A lot of the messages from listening stations were carried to Bletchley by motor bike – see photos on the wall behind the Packard:-

Packard Saloon Car, Bletchley Park

This is one of the sentry boxes where the despatch riders would have to check in:-

Bletchley Park Sentry Box

Huts at Bletchley Park

Most of the work at Bletchley Park was carried out in huts.

Hut corridor:-

Bletchley Park Hut Corridor, WW2 codebreaking

Room with security reminder poster:-

Bletchley Park Hut Poster , WW2, codebreaking

The famous “Careless Talk Costs Lives” slogan and First Aid box:-

Poster in Hut at Bletchley Park

Another room in one of the huts:-

Room in Hut, Bletchley Park

Alan Turing’s office:-

Alen Turing's Office, Bletchley Park, codebreaking, WW2

Alan Turing's Office, Bletchley Park, codebreaking, WW2

Statue of Alan Turing, made in slate. (This is situated in the main building, where most of the Enigma machines are displayed.)

Alan Turing Statue, Bletchey Park

Bletchley Park, Other Code Breaking

It wasn’t merely European languages that were decoded during WW2. Japanese codes were also broken. One of the decoders taught himself Japanese in weeks to help do so.

These two exhibits refer to the efforts in Japanese.

Index Cards for Japanese words:-

Index Cards Japanese, Bletchley Park, codebreaking ,WW2

Captured Japanese flag:-

Japanese Flag, Bletchley Park

This irreverent cartoon referring to BP (Bumph Palace; aka Bletchley Park) is about all the paperwork etc involved in the war effort:-

Bumph Palace Exhibit, Bletchley Park

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