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War Graves, Ceres

In Ceres churchyard I found several Commonwealth War Graves and one for the Polish forces.

Private Mary Lindsay, Auxiliary Territorial Service, 20/8/1945, age 21:-

War Grave, Ceres Cemetery

Sister Mary Lister (Peddie) Waddell, Princess Mary’s RAF Nursing Service, 5/8/1947, age 30:-

Ceres War Grave

Corporal W Buchan, RAF, 7/9/1940, age 19:-

War Grave, Ceres

A family grave which commemorates William Husband, killed in action in France, 23/3/1918, age 20, and David Husband, who died as a result of war service, in Crail, on 2/4/1929, age 38:-

Ceres Cemetery War Grave

The Polish War Grave. Corporal Jan Niemiec, 1st Polish Rifle Brigade, 28/11/1940:-

Polish War Grave, Ceres

Bannockburn Monument, Ceres, Fife

Ceres is a village in central Fife.

The monument was erected on the six-hundredth anniversary of Scotland’s most famous victory in battle, at Bannockburn in 1314, to commemorate the men of Ceres who fought in it. It’s situated by the side of the “Bow Butts” as Ceres’s village green is called.

Ceres holds a Highland Games every year. It is said to have hosted a games every year since 1314 after Robert the Bruce granted permission in commemoration of the village men’s contribution to his victory.

Bannockburn Monument, Ceres:-

Bannockburn Monument, Ceres, Fife

Inscription:-

Bannockburn Monument, Ceres, Inscription

Mid-Atholl War Memorial

This is situated by Logierait, just off the A 9 at the A 829 (for Aberfeldy) junction.

World War 1 names in the panel, World War 2 in the shield (a little faded I fear):-

Mid-Atholl War Memorial

From North-west:-

Mid-Atholl War Memorial

From south-west:-

Mid-Atholl War Memorial

Canadian War Memorial St Julien, West Flanders

This is commonly called the Brooding Soldier:-

Canadian War Memorial, Saint-Julien

Sited on Vancouver Corner about a mile south-east of Langemark-Poelkapelle near Saint-Julien (Sint-Juliaan in Flemish,) it marks the spot where the first large-scale gas attack on the Western Front was launched by the Germans on 22nd April 1915. It sits in a beautifully kept memorial garden. The trees are apparently deliberately trimmed into the shape of artillery shells.

The Brooding Soldier Dedication Plaque

View from within the gardens:-

The Brooding Soldier Memorial Gardens

Closer view:-

The Brooding Soldier

Head detail. Stunning:-

aThe Brooding Soldier Monument Detail

Langemark German Military Cemetery (ii)

In the first battle of Ypres more than 3,000 not well trained volunteers were thrown into the German attacks and did not leave again so their final resting place is in Langemark. The cemetery is sometimes called the Studentenfriedhof (Student Cemetery) as there was a large number of (school) students among them. A board fills one wall of the entrance building with their names.

Deutsche Studentenschaft Names

Unlike the upright Commonwealth War Graves markers the German ones are rectangular slabs laid flat on the ground. I have seen German war graves before, at Bayeux and Beauvais, so was prepared for that, but those were for World War 2 dead and the feelings engendered by them were more conflicted.

There was something sombre about the arrays in Langemark. The grass was being regenerated after poor weather so at our time of visiting we there was no access to individual graves but from the fence it was possible to take photographs. Langemark War Cemetery, Graves:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Graves

The German practice was to bury 8 men together. These two grave markers name 16 each though. Langemark War Cemetery, Named Graves:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Named Grave

Langemark War Cemetery, Grave

Vier Unbekante Deutsche Soldaten (Four Unknown German Soldiers):-

Langemark War Cemetery Grave

Emil Krieger’s Mourning Soldiers Statue from the Kameraden Grab:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Mourning Soldiers

Vier Unbekante Deutsche Soldaten and Nikolaus Jackel musketier, Zehn Unbekante Deutsche Soldaten (Five unknown soldiers, one named rifleman, ten unknown soldiers):-

Langemark War Cemetery, Communal Grave

Langemark War Cemetery, Stone Wreath. The inscription (from Isaiah 43:1) reads “Ich habe dich bei deinem namen gerufen, du bisst mein.” “I have called your name, you are mine.” :-

Langemark War Cemetery, Stone Wreath

Like the cemetery in Beauvais which had few visitors from Germany – few visitors at all (and which I felt bad about not signing the book as I had come across that one by accident and had no pen with me) – not many Germans seem to visit Langemark. (Bayeux was a mainly British/Commonwealth Cemetery with German graves set to one side of it.) I did sign the book at Langemark. However all the tributes surrounding the stone wreath in the picture above seemed to have been laid by British school visitors.

Langemark War Cemetery, Basalt Crosses, Graves:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Basalt Crosses, Graves

A series of blocks with German words on them snakes through the northern part of the cemetery. These, I think, commemorate the companies of students who were killed here during the first Battle of Ypres. This block says “Rothenburger Verband Schwarzer Schlagender Verbindungen.

Langemark War Cemetery, Inscribed Block

Another, closer, view of Emil Krieger’s statue:-

Mourning Soldiers, Langemark War Cemetery

Langemark German Military Cemetery (i)

Just outside the town of Langemark (formerly Langemarck) in the municipality of Langemark-Poelkapelle, West Flanders, Belgium, lies a German War Cemetery which contains the bodies of more than 44,000 soldiers including the German air ace Werner Voss and two British soldiers who died in 1918. Many of the smaller German war cemeteries in this part of Belgium were consolidated into larger ones such as Langemark in the 1950s.

Langemarck village (as it was then) was the site of the first German gas attack in April 1915.

Stone by Langemark War Cemetery entrance. The five crosses design is the motif of the Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge, the German war graves commission:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Stone by Entrance

Langemark War Cemetery Entrance:-

Langemark War Cemetery Entrance

Volksbund plaque inside entrance building:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Volksbund Plaque

This basalt cross is at the cemetery’s corner by the path from the car park to the entrance. Blockhouses can be seen in the cemetery’s interior:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Basalt Cross

Blockhouses and graves from cemetery exterior:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Surround, Blockhouses and Graves

On a series of basalt blocks in the area just behind the cemetery’s entrance are engraved the names of those known soldiers who are buried in the mass grave here, known as the Comrade’s Grave (Kameraden Grab.) The plaque on this first one commemorates British Privates A Carlisle, Loyal North Lancs Regiment and L H Lockley, Seaforth Highlanders:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Basalt Block

Names of some of the known soldiers in the Kameraden Grab. There are 68 bronze panels of these names:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Basalt Block

Langemark War Cemetery, Statues. When we visited this grouping was set behind the entrance building though previously it had been moved from there to the cemetery’s rear boundary. It was designed by Emil Krieger who gained his inspiration from a photograph of mourning German soldiers taken in 1918:-

Langemark War Cemetery, Statues

Tyne Cot Cemetery (iii) The Memorial Wall

View towards Memorial Wall:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery, View Towards Memorial Wall

The northern wall of Tyne Cot Cemetery is a sweeping curve. On it are engraved the names of those soldiers of the British Empire who died in the Ypres Salient after 15/8/1917 as it was found that on completion the Menin Gate was not large enough to contain all the names from the Ypres battles.

The Tyne Cot Memorial to the Missing contains 33,783 names of soldiers of the UK forces, plus a further 1,176 New Zealanders (stitch of two photos):-

Tyne Cot Cemetery, Memorial Wall

West End of Memorial Wall:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery West End of Memorial Wall

Cross of Sacrifice and Graves, with Memorial Wall to right:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery, Memorial Wall, Graves and Cross

A central apse in the main Memorial Wall is dedicated solely to soldiers from New Zealand:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery, Inset into Memorial Wall

New Zealanders Memorial Dedication:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery, New Zealanders Memorial

Tyne Cot Cemetery (ii)

On the path from the car park to the cemetery lie three regimental memorials.

Bedfordshire Regiment:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery, Bedfordshire Regiment Memorial

King’s Own Light Yorkshire Infantry Memorial:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery, King's Own Light Yorkshire Infantry Memorial

Sherwood Foresters Memorial:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery, Sherwood Foresters Memorial

These now peaceful fields lie across the road from the cemetery entrance. The gentle slope down towards Ypres and which gave the Germans an uninterrupted view of activity in and behind the British lines can just be discerned:-

View of Fields from Tyne Cot Cemetery

Cross of Sacrifice and graves:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery, Graves and Cross Of Sacrifice

Tyne Cot Cemetery (i)

The cemetery is in numbers of burials now the largest Commonwealth war cemetery in the world. It is located 9 km north-east of Ypres (Ieper) town centre, on the Tynecotstraat, a road leading from the Zonnebeekseweg. Its name derives from the nickname (Tyne Cottage) given to a German blockhouse by the Northumberland Fusiliers.

11,962 Commonwealth servicemen of the First World War are buried or commemorated in Tyne Cot Cemetery. 8,374 are unidentified. In addition there are four German dead only one of whose identities is known.

Entrance:-

Entrance to Tyne Cot Cemetery

It was said to be the idea of King George V, who visited the cemetery in 1922, to erect the cross above the remains of a German pill box at the centre of the cemetery, a remnant of which was left uncovered by the white stone (centre here):-

Cross of Sacrifice and Blockhouse close

Remnant of pillbox. The inscription reads, “This was the Tyne Cot Blockhouse captured by the Australian Division 4th October 1917:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery, Remnant of Tyne Cottage Blockhouse

A further blockhouse incorporated into the cemetery is surrounded by graves:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery Graves and Remains of Blockhouse

Central area:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery Central Area

Cemetery from North-west corner:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery from North-west Corner

Graves containing the remains of several men:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery, Group Graves

A Jewish grave. It is unusual for a Commonwealth War Grave stone to indicate a religion:-

Tyne Cot Cemetery, Jewish grave

Aberfeldy War Memorial

An unusual memorial in the form of an arch which gives onto a path leading from the town to the local beauty spot the Birks.

Aberfeldy War Memorial

The left hand side of the arch is inscribed “For King and Country” in English. 1939-45 names are on the lower plaque.

Aberfeldy, War Memorial, English

The right hand side of the arch is inscribed in Gaelic “Air Son Righ Us Duthaich.” Again 1939-45 names are on the lower plaque.

Aberfeldy, War Memorial, Gaelic

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